History & Evolution
The settlement in Munich dates back to Roman times but 8th century
Benedictine monks get the credit for putting the city on the map. However,
official birth date of the city is 1158, when Henry the Lion, duke of Saxony
& Bavaria founded it near a settlement (Munichen) that was established
in Carolingian times.
Munich became the residence of the Wittelsbach (dukes of Bavarians) in
1255, and later became (1506) the capital of the dukedom.
From 1563 onwards, the city became the victim of anti-reformation agitation
and during the Thirty Years War, it was occupied (1632) by Gustavus II of
Sweden when Bavaria became an electorate.
In 1806 the city was made capital of the kingdom of Bavaria and under the
subsequent kings like Louis I (182548), Maximilian II (184864) &
Louis II (186486), Munich became a cultural and artistic center.
After World War I, the National Socialism (Nazism) crept into the city but
Adolf Hitler failed in his attempted Munich beer-hall putsch
(coup aimed at Bavarian government). Despite this, Munich was made the
headquarters of the Nazi party, which in 1933 took control of the German
Again the city was badly damaged during World War II. In 1945 American
troops marched into the town further destroying it but the city was
extensively rebuilt and many modern buildings were constructed under a
regressive reconstruction program to preserve the historical areas.
In the following years Munich became one of the most desirable cities in
Germany and today is counted as a very welcoming and safe town and thanks to
its large tourist and leisure facilities has been referred to as the "most
northern town in Italy".
The heaven for all sorts of culture, with an astonishing array of museums,
vibrant art scenes and frolics of festivals, Munich is perhaps the most
charming city of Germany. The old is elegantly interspersed with the new in
the city further adding to its charm.
Though a compact city, Munich can easily consume your several weeks with
its grand avenues and spacious squares that recall the glory of Bavaria's
The heart of the city since its foundation in 1158, Marienplatz is the site
of the most important historic buildings of Munich. For centuries, the place
was known as Schrannenmarkt meaning a vibrant farmers
market but was renamed as Marienplatz in 1854 after the statue of Virgin
Mary was incorporated in the center.
The Neo-Gothic Town Hall featuring its famous Glockenspiel, built in 19th
century dominates the square. The Glockenspiel delights visitors when it
chimes the hours every day with its 43 bells accompanied by moving clockwork
figures that display vingnettes from Munichs history.
The Town Hall has a tower that can be accessed by a lift a toy museum worth
exploring. While the other must-see in the square is the Frauenkirche, a
cathedral built between 15th-16th centuries. The cathedral houses the tomb
of Emperor Ludwig the Bavarian, and the legendary Devils
Footprint embedded in the church floor.
The area is also a major hub for the urban transport network.
Neues Rathaus, Marienplatz..
Deutsches Museum (German Museum):
Located in Haidhausen, the Deutsches Museum is one of the largest science &
technology museums in the world. This entertaining and educational museum
has interactive sections for natural science, engineering and construction
virtually covering any aspect of science you can think of.
The museum has everything from Stone Age tools to modern computers
distributed over 6 floors, 24 km of exhibits and 30 departments.
The prominent displays include vehicles, locomotives and aircraft. Also
part of the Deutsches Museum is an IMAX theatre that shows adventure &
nature films together with a planetarium, the most technically advanced in
Nymphenburg Palace (Schloss Nymphenburg):
Originally a summer home for a Munich aristocracy, Nymphenburg Palace was
built in 17th & 19th centuries and is located on the western edge of
The highlights of the complex includes the Hall of Stone and a Gallery
of Beauties' exhibiting portraits of beautiful women commissioned by Ludwig
I. While the extensive grounds contain four miniature palaces within their
landscaped confines, one of which is the most attractive rococo palace in
The palace also includes the Marstallmuseum, which houses royal coaches and
riding equipment, as well as Bauml Collection of Nymphenburg porcelain
dating back from 1747 to 1920s.
The renowned art museum of Munich, Alte Pinakothek is one of the most
important museum of Germany featuring the work of the greatest European
artists from 14th to 18th centuries displaying nearly 1,000 paintings. The
gallery is massive, consisting of dozens of rooms and thus requiring a great
deal of time to explore.
Collections are divided on two floors of a large neo-classical building and
the highlights include works by Dutch and Flemish masters, as well as the
Italian masters such as Botticelli and Titian.
The museums building itself is an extremely impressive structure
built by Von Klenze between 1826 & 1836 to house Duke Wilhelm IVs
collection of old masters.
English Garden (Englischer Garten):
The huge park with acres and acres of greenery, interspersed with various
kinds of constructions, the English Garden is the largest urban park in
Undoubtedly a pleasant escape from the hustle-bustle of the busy city, this
garden includes several attracts as well like a lake, where you can go
boating, a Chinesischer Turm (Chinese Tower) with its great beer garden, a
Japanese Teahouse and the Monopteros, a Greek-style temple.
Haus der Kunst, Prinzregentenstrasse